Thomas William Strickland Hodgson

Portrait of Thomas Hodgson by Maria Jaszczurowska


My name is Thomas William Strickland Hodgson. ‘Hodgson’ is spelled ‘霍奇森’ in Chinese.

I am a philosopher working on philosophy of language, philosophy of mind, and metaphysics. I mostly write about propositions.

I am a Specially Appointed Research Professor in the School of Philosophy and Sociology, Shanxi University.

I did my PhD at the University of St Andrews where I was a member of Arché. I then worked at the Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, University College Dublin, Queen’s University Belfast, and King’s College London.

I am a member of the Dialectica Open Access Initiative.

You can get in touch with me on Mastodon.

I don’t have much code to share, but what I do is on Codeberg.

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You can subscribe to an RSS feed about my work here.


Journal articles

Hodgson, T. (2023). The act-type theory of propositions as a theory of what is said. Analytic Philosophy.

Hodgson, T. (2022). Russellians should have a no proposition view of empty names. Inquiry.

Hodgson, T. (2021). Grammar constrains acts of predication. Inquiry.

Hodgson, T. (2021). Neutral predication. Erkenntnis, 86, 1381–1389.

Hodgson, T. (2021). Act-type theories of propositions. Philosophy Compass, 16(11).

Hodgson, T. (2021). Teaching & learning guide for: Act-type theories of propositions. Philosophy Compass, 16(12).

Hodgson, T. (2020). Russellians can solve the problem of empty names with nonsingular propositions. Synthese, 197, 5411–5433.

Hodgson, T. (2020). The structure of content is not transparent. Topoi, 39, 425–437.

Hodgson, T. (2018). Meaning underdetermines what is said, therefore utterances express many propositions. Dialectica, 72(2), 165–189.

Hodgson, T. (2018). Russellians can have a no proposition view of empty names. Inquiry, 61(7), 670–691.

Hodgson, T. (2013). Why we should not identify sentence structure with propositional structure. Canadian Journal of Philosophy, 43(5-6), 612–633.

Hodgson, T. (2012). Propositions, structure and representation. Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society, 112(3), 339–349.

Book chapters

Hodgson, T. (2022). Propositions as interpreted abstracta. In A. R. Murray & C. Tillman (Eds.), The Routledge handbook of propositions (pp. 256–267). Routledge.

Working papers and proceedings

Hodgson, T. (2012). Structured propositions and shared content. In P. Stalmaszczyk (Ed.), Philosophical and formal approaches to linguistic analysis (pp. 177–195). Ontos Verlag. (proceedings of PhiLang 2011)

Hodgson, T. (2012). Underdeterminacy and attitude-reports. Philosophical Writings, 77–85. (proceedings of the 2011 BPPA Graduate Conference)

Hodgson, T. (2011). Underdeterminacy and attitude-reports. UCL Working Papers in Linguistics, 23, 21–46.

Book reviews

Hodgson, T. (2020). Fictional Discourse: A Radical Fictionalist Semantics [Review of Fictional Discourse: A Radical Fictionalist Semantics, by S. Predelli]. Analysis, 80(4), 834–836.

Hodgson, T. (2016). Propositions [Review of Propositions, by T. Merricks]. International Journal of Philosophical Studies, 24(4), 585–587.

Hodgson, T. (2014). New Thinking about Propositions [Review of New Thinking about Propositions, by J. C. King, S. Soames, & J. Speaks]. Polish Journal of Philosophy, 8(2), 80–83.


Hodgson, T. (2013). Propositions: an essay on linguistic content [PhD, University of St Andrews].



I have taught at University College Dublin, Queen’s University Belfast, King’s College London, and Shanxi University. I have been module coordinator for courses in philosophy of language, and in ethics. I have also taught logic and topics in philosophy of medicine.

Here is the syllabus and the slides for my course Philosophy of Language at King’s College London: